Stages of Gum Disease
There are three main stages of gum disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis occurs when there is an excessive amount of plaque and bacteria around the gum line, which causes inflammation of the tissue. At this stage, permanent damage has not yet occurred.
Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis is left untreated. Signs of periodontitis include pockets forming around the tooth structure and loose gum tissue. The structures that support the teeth begin to sustain irreversible damage due to the presence of harmful oral bacteria.
Advanced periodontitis is one of the most difficult stages to treat because at this stage, bacteria and their toxins have caused significant bone loss, often resulting in tooth mobility or tooth loss.
Click below to view the stages of gum disease: